Monument details

HER Number:868/1
Type of record:Archaeology
Name:Early Saxon activity at Eddisbury

Summary

Eddisbury is a bivallate (double rampart) hillfort situated on an outcrop of the Cheshire Sandstone Ridge overlooking the Weaver Valley to the east. Like many of the hillforts along the Ridge, it was constructed to make best use of the contemporary landscape by reinforcing the scarp on each side with a double rampart and intervening ditch. The defences survive quite prominently along the northern and north-western sides; however, they have been affected by plough damage and quarrying. The inner rampart is 15m wide and up to 6m high and is revetted with dry stone walling visible along the north face. The intervening ditch occupies some 10m width between the two ramparts and survives to a depth of 0.5m. The outer rampart is 16m wide at its base and rises to 5.5m high with no external ditch. The area enclosed by the defences is 5.4ha in extent.

Eddisbury is essentially comprised of three areas; the main body of the hillfort including an entrance on the eastern line of the rampart, the north-western end adjacent to Old Pale Farm including a second entrance, and Merrickā€™s Hill to the south-east (or the Chamber in the Forest) where medieval reoccupation included a royal hunting lodge. Eddisbury was first included on the Schedule in 1934. The hillfort is well preserved around much of its defences despite some plough damage and quarrying activity. There is a strong potential for surviving below ground remains within the hillfort.

Varley also maintained that the hillfort was deliberately demolished in the Roman period. Reoccupation of the hillfort as an unenclosed settlement was then identified in the 4th-6th centuries before two phases of mid to late Saxon settlement culminating in the construction of a burh in AD 914 by Aethelflaeda. However recent work has shed doubts on early saxon dates. Modern scientific dating techniques suggest a date of mid 3rd to mid 4th century AD (Romano-British).


Parish:DELAMERE, VALE ROYAL, CHESHIRE WEST AND CHESTER

Monument Types

  • CHARCOAL AREA (AD 6TH CENTURY to AD 8TH CENTURY - 500 AD to 799 AD)
  • HUT (AD 6TH CENTURY to AD 8TH CENTURY - 500 AD to 799 AD)
  • WALL (AD 6TH CENTURY to AD 8TH CENTURY - 500 AD to 799 AD)
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 25692: Eddisbury Hillfort East Of Old Pale Farm



Cheshire East Council and Cheshire West & Chester Council - Working in Partnership
Heritage Lottery Fund