Monument details

HER Number:868/1
Type of record:Archaeology
Name:Early Saxon activity at Eddisbury

Summary

Eddisbury is a bivallate (double rampart) hillfort situated on an outcrop of the Cheshire Sandstone Ridge overlooking the Weaver Valley to the east. Like many of the hillforts along the Ridge, it was constructed to make best use of the contemporary landscape by reinforcing the scarp on each side with a double rampart and intervening ditch. The defences survive quite prominently along the northern and north-western sides; however, they have been affected by plough damage and quarrying. The inner rampart is 15m wide and up to 6m high and is revetted with dry stone walling visible along the north face. The intervening ditch occupies some 10m width between the two ramparts and survives to a depth of 0.5m. The outer rampart is 16m wide at its base and rises to 5.5m high with no external ditch. The area enclosed by the defences is 5.4ha in extent.

Eddisbury is essentially comprised of three areas; the main body of the hillfort including an entrance on the eastern line of the rampart, the north-western end adjacent to Old Pale Farm including a second entrance, and Merrick’s Hill to the south-east (or the Chamber in the Forest) where medieval reoccupation included a royal hunting lodge. Eddisbury was first included on the Schedule in 1934. The hillfort is well preserved around much of its defences despite some plough damage and quarrying activity. There is a strong potential for surviving below ground remains within the hillfort.

Phase 10 dates to around the mid 3rd to mid 4th century AD and appears to be Romano-British occupation of the interior before the site was left again until the late 9th to 10th century. Varley’s original excavations suggested the hillfort was deliberately destroyed sometime during the Roman period; however, no clear evidence to substantiate this was recorded in the recent excavations. Although there is some evidence of collapsed Iron Age features it is not clear whether this was a deliberate act or gradual. Although no evidence of Roman features were clearly identified, some pottery dated to the third to fourth century AD was encountered


Parish:DELAMERE, VALE ROYAL, CHESHIRE WEST AND CHESTER

Monument Types

  • CHARCOAL AREA (AD 6TH CENTURY to AD 8TH CENTURY - 500 AD to 799 AD)
  • HUT (AD 6TH CENTURY to AD 8TH CENTURY - 500 AD to 799 AD)
  • WALL (AD 6TH CENTURY to AD 8TH CENTURY - 500 AD to 799 AD)
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 25692: Eddisbury Hillfort East Of Old Pale Farm



Cheshire East Council and Cheshire West & Chester Council - Working in Partnership
Heritage Lottery Fund