Monument details

HER Number:1332/2/1
Type of record:Archaeology
Name:Gawsworth Old Hall Garden


Earthworks in the gardens at Gawsworth Old Hall are the remains a walled formal Elizabethan garden and five ornamental pools. probably constructed by Sir Edward Fitton III (1550-1606) for open air entertainment. Excavations have revealed details of the original layout and planting of the earthworks of the western side of the garden. The garden was based on a geometrical layout and included terraced formal planting, gravel paths, a knot garden, lime trees and a prospect mound overlooking five terraced ornamental pools. The rectangular pools were created in a natural valley and fed by a single spring to the north of Gawsworth Old Hall. The pools were part of the 16th century garden design, although they may replace earlier medieval fishponds.

A half moon shaped wall is believed to have been related to the cult of the Virgin Queen of Elizabeth I.The 'half-moon' was a symbol of Diana, one of the personifications of Elizabeth.

The layout of the Elizabethan gardens has survived because a fall in the family’s fortunes meant the grounds were not landscaped in later centuries. The garden is graded II* on English Heritage's Provisional List of Historic Gardens and is a Scheduled Monument .


Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Bank 2 of, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FORMAL GARDEN (Garden-formal, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOUND ( 2 of, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PATH (Walk/Path, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POND (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument () 1016587: Gawsworth Hall Gardens; Registered Park or Garden (II*) GD1523: Gawsworth (Old Hall); Conservation Area

Cheshire East Council and Cheshire West & Chester Council - Working in Partnership
Heritage Lottery Fund