Monument details

HER Number:1970/3
Type of record:Archaeology
Name:Roman camp 300m W of Upton Grange Farm

Summary

Rectangular enclosure shown as a cropmark on aerial photographs. It has a playing card shape and its proximity to other similar sites suggest it may be a Roman marching or practice camp. The site is bisected by the A41. To the southwest it has been destroyed by modern houses while to the northeast it survives as slight earthwork.

An evaluation consisting of geophysical survey and trial trenching was carried out in 1994 prior to construction of a car park and revealed a ditch 3.2m wide and originally v-shaped. It had lain open for a short time and had both primary and secondary silts. 3 sherds of Roman pottery were found during the evaluation. Originally suggested as a medieval or later animal enclosure it has since been scheduled as a Roman camp. It is one of a number of possible practice camps in this area. The presence of a clavicula (a curved rampart protecting the entrance to a roman fort) at one of these enclosures confirms the roman date of this group of sites. Practice camps are thought to have been built by roman troops to train in earthwork construction.


Parish:UPTON-BY-CHESTER, CHESTER, CHESHIRE WEST AND CHESTER

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Enclosure-ditch & bank, Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEMPORARY CAMP (Practice camp, Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD (?))
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 25726: Roman Camp 300m West of Upton Grange Farm



Cheshire East Council and Cheshire West & Chester Council - Working in Partnership
Heritage Lottery Fund