Monument details

HER Number:1880/1/3
Type of record:Archaeology
Name:Standing Cross in St Bartholomew's Churchyard

Summary

Grade II listed Sundial in St Bartholomew's Churchyard, Great Barrow. It has a square base of two steps with a tapering octagonal shaft with a coved cap of buff sandstone carrying a small square sundial plate inscribed and dated 1705. The base and shaft are part of a medieval cross dating from the early 15th century and it is well preserved in its original location on the south side of the church.

Standing Crosses are usually of stone and date from the medieval period, mid 10th to mid 16th centuries AD. They served a variety of purposes from places of prayer and pilgrimage to places of public proclamation. At one time there were over 12,000 of these crosses throughout Britain but many were destroyed during the reformation. There are now less than 2000 crosses remaining, many incomplete. The conversion to a sundial is indicative of Catholic recusants protecting the sculpture from being totally demolished. It is a Scheduled Monument.


Parish:BARROW, CHESTER, CHESHIRE WEST AND CHESTER

Monument Types

  • CEMETERY (Graveyard, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHURCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SUNDIAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VILLAGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1016855: Standing Cross in St Bartholomew's Churchyard; Listed Building (old) (I) 4/5: Title not entered; Conservation Area



Cheshire East Council and Cheshire West & Chester Council - Working in Partnership
Heritage Lottery Fund